The Spread of Superbugs

"Regardless of how strong any sterilant or disinfectant is, the narrow channels and ports are hard to reach and the debris trapped in those places can harbor germs as dangerous as CRE through multiple uses and cleaning cycles. The complex and tedious process used to “clean” scopes consumes over half an hour of labor and requires up to 43 steps to merely reduce – but not eliminate – the risk of one person infecting another."

Source: “Nightmare Bacteria And Dirty Scopes - Ignorance And Want In Medicine “ Forbes Online Feb 2015

NDM-producing Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) isolates reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as of January 2015, by state

Source: CDC